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        The Essential Resume Writing Guide [for Beginners]

        • calenderJul 02, 2023
        • calender 5 min read

        Job applications are an important milestone in life. As you’re sending out piles of resumes to hundreds of companies, you are heralding a new stage of life. Chances are you’re pretty daunted. Think of the importance of resume writing like you think of a food presentation. No matter what the food in front of you tastes like, you’d want it to be presented well, right? Especially if you know it tastes good. A resume is exactly like that.

        So let us answer the big question: how do you write the perfect resume?

        The difference between a resume and a CV

        Before anything else, let’s get this out of the way: a CV and a resume are not the same. They both serve the same purpose: they are a list of your experience and skill sets that you write out to secure your dream job. But the key distinction is that they differ in length. CVs are generally longer than resumes, but a resume is what you’re likely to be asked during a job application. 

        A CV stands for curriculum vitae, which translates to “the course of my life” in Latin. Apt to its name, it is a list of your education history, work experience, achievements, and skill sets. The shorter your career is, the shorter your CV is – but a CV can range anywhere between 2 or 3 and even 10 pages. 

        A resume is a concise version of a CV. It is the most common document asked for a job application and is usually limited to a single page. What it is essentially is that is a marketing document that presents you as the perfect applicant for potential employers to hire. 

        Note: There are various resume formats you can choose from. So it’s best to do a bit of research before picking a layout best suited to your line of work.

        Parts of a resume

        Whether it’s your first job, or you’re a job application veteran, use this list to check if you have all the things you need to cross the threshold of unemployment:

        1. Name and contact details

        Include your email ID, phone number, and (if you have one) your LinkedIn account. Potential employers should be able to contact you. 

        2. Profile summary

        This is a short bio that acts as a preamble to your resume. It’s essentially a summary of your skill set and your subsequent professional aspirations. It shouldn’t be more than two or three sentences long, is and usually placed at the top of your resume. 

        3. Work experience

        If you’re new to the workforce, this might be the most difficult section to fill up. But what works to your advantage is that you can play around a bit with this one. Here, you can add internships and even clubs or cells where you might have worked at college. Seriously, it works. It’s also a good idea for you to create a story through your work history: in other words, highlight the aspects of the job that show how your experience and prospective job are related. 

        4. Skills and specializations

        In this section, you can add things that you are good at. Make sure the skills you add in this section are relevant to the position you are applying for. 

        5. Education history

        If you don’t have a lot of professional experience under your belt, include information about your academic background in your resume. In addition to your school/college qualifications, include your achievements and accolades as a subsection to give it depth. Extracurriculars are also recommended. Clubs, sporting events, competitions that you represented your school in — that kind of thing. 

        6. Social media handles

        Depending on the position you’re applying for, nowadays, it’s also a good idea to add some of your social media handles. A professional networking site like LinkedIn is essential. If you’re applying for anything that involves you being on the internet on a regular basis — like social media marketing, for example — some employers even ask about your Facebook, Twitter, etc. After all, in today’s day and age, social media has become an important currency of communication.

        7. Work samples or a portfolio

        If you’re in a creative profession (such as content, graphic design, or web development), add links to work samples or a portfolio. Providing examples of your work is an excellent way to substantiate the skills you’ve put in the resume. If you don’t have enough work evidence, create your own samples by working on topics of your choice.

        A general resume checklist

        Once you’re done with all of the above things, it’s a good idea to go through this list of guidelines to ensure that you’re going on the right track.

        1. Hype yourself up. If a skill seems tangential but unconventionally relevant, add it! Employers like to see versatility. Remember, it’s about marketing yourself. 
        2. Don’t lie. Just don’t do it. Lies spiral into more lies, and that’s not how you want to start your career, right? What you should be focusing on, instead, is a way to highlight the skills you are most confident about. Provide evidence, and samples if you’re asked. For example, if you say you’re good at writing, find a way to highlight your writing experience. Spinning your skills works to an extent, so long as you know when to stop.
        3. Give it your 100%. As a beginner, it’s perfectly acceptable to add high school experience (although school seems like a lifetime away). Over the years, you will gain enough experience for you to be able to single out your most valuable experiences and skills to add to your resume. So if someone tells you that high school doesn’t count, trash that advice. For now.
          Note: As you gain more experience in your field, generally focus the resume on the most recent years of your career, unless you have exceptional projects/experience to add.
        4. Maintain consistency in language. Filling out your resume won’t feel like you’re writing a Beowulf, but grammar always matters. Consistency can be a matter of aesthetics, but it’s also about little things like maintaining consistency in tense and sentence structure. Since you’re listing out your work history in a concise, accessible way, the easiest path to stick to is simple past tense.
        5. Don’t clutter. there are ways to showcase your versatility on a single page. In any case, a resume is designed to be concise, so even if your page doesn’t fill up don’t feel daunted because you could actually make it work to your advantage. The easiest way to do this is through the words you use.
        6. Make your resume visually pleasing. Don’t worry, it’s not as overwhelming as it may seem. We’re simply suggesting that you pick a resume format that’s easy on the eyes and allows the evaluator to grasp the content of your resume faster. 

        8 essential resume writing tips

        1. Perfect your resume summary

        The summary of your resume is the first thing a recruiter will notice. If done well, it can be a powerful introduction to your skill set, your professional expertise, and even you as a person! Craft a summary that conveys why you’re a good addition to the organization, rather than simply stating your career goals. 

        A resume summary is a also good place for you to highlight some personal (but relevant) interests and qualities – something that will definitely grab the attention of your soon-to-be employer. 

        2. Substantiate job descriptions with achievements

        Your resume portrays you in the best light, and an effective way to do that is to provide proof! Directly stating your qualifications and job responsibilities definitely show that you know what needs to be done. But that doesn’t demonstrate the impact you’ve made through your work. In each bullet point, highlight how you put your skills and expertise to use. For example:

               ❌     “Effectively improved sales last quarter”

               ✔️     “Managed cross-departmental teams to accomplish a stalled development project that effectively led to a                         25% revenue increase.”  

        3. Avoid annoying buzzwords and cliches

        The one thing that recruiters and employers hate is constructing the idea of a person through their misshapen CV or resume. If you write words like “go-getter”, “team player” or “innovative forward-thinker”, they might do more harm than good. Buzzwords and phrases like these are far too generic, not to mention overused, and are quite off-putting. Hiring managers are not going to buy it, that’s for certain. 

        If you want the recruiters to know that you are a “go-getter” or a “team player”, it is better to illustrate it through examples of your past work

        4. Don’t fabricate anything on your resume

        Lying might be portrayed as a widespread resume/CV phenomenon, but it is better not to do it. Remember that recruiters have access to your personal details and could do a background check if something doesn’t add up. Fictitious work experience, improved scores in examinations, and such will be thoroughly investigated. And if you are caught fibbing, you will definitely be out of contention for that role or for any future roles in that company. 

        Also, even if you manage to get away with lying, the main problem that might hit you in the face is that you will struggle to perform up to the expectations that you set at the start. 

        5. Tailor your resume to each company or role

        The “one-size-fits-all” rule is best left to garments on sale and not your resume. Creating one standard resume format to be sent out in bulk indicates a lazy approach and disinterest in a specific job listing. Despite having the required experience, your vague resume could spoil your chances. There are also chances of really silly errors like entering the wrong company’s name –  and nothing sends your resume to the trash faster than that! Always take some time to rearrange and edit your resume to suit a company’s specific needs.

        6. Think about the aesthetics

        Invest some time in making your resume look visually appealing. You can arrange your sections in such a way that it makes the sheet easier to read. Believe me, your interviewers will be grateful. If visual arts isn’t your cup of tea, take advantage of the numerous pre-existing templates that applications like Canva have to make your document look beautiful. Splash some color to it, and spice up the plain white sheet you would have otherwise turned in. But don’t overdo it (Our recommendation: minimalism. You can never go wrong.)

        7. Edit, edit, edit

        There’s a lot to be said in a resume, but you also have to keep it all to a single phrase. So carefully edit your resume to ensure that everything in it is relevant to the application. Rather than worrying about the length, focus on the text. If you know how to make every word count, you might even get away with a slightly longer resume. Take Faulkner to heart, and kill your darlings. It’ll be worth it when you’re finally chilling in the office of your dreams. 

        8. Proofread your resume before sending it out

        You might dismiss spelling mistakes, but we assure you that hiring departments won’t! Grammar and language mistakes display a lack of attention to detail and general misgivings of incompetence. All your experience and accomplishments will be for nought if there’s a typo to go with it. Read it out loud, or get a friend to proofread and edit your resume before sending it out. If you can afford it, you can also get some professional help to make your resume top-notch. 

        Customize your resume

        Now that you have all the content you need for a resume, let’s talk about making it even better. You have all the ingredients, but there’s still something missing. The “X factor”. The thing that gives all your “ingredients” semblance and meaning. For a resume, the “X factor” is the way you customize your applications to make your resume seem more personal and appealing. 

        You’re probably applying to a lot of places to keep your options open (good going!), and it is best that each application has minor changes. A way to go about this is to give your resume a theme of sorts, that aligns your experience with the job you are applying for. In fact, if you see that your resume already looks cluttered, it’s a good idea to filter out your skills as well. If you’re applying for jobs in multiple fields (this is perfectly normal when you’re applying for your first few jobs), single out the skills and experiences that are most relevant to the industry you want to work in and the organization you want to work with. 

        Here are some related articles that you might find interesting:

        Frequently Asked Questions

        Found this article helpful?


        Chetna Linkedin

        Chetna is a child of the internet. A writer and aspiring educator, she loves exploring digital media to create resources that are informative and engaging. Away from the writing desk, she enjoys cinema, coffee, and old books.

        5 comments on “The Essential Resume Writing Guide [for Beginners]

        1. Akari says:

          Thanks for your guide on resume writing, it’s quite thorough and helpful!

        2. Zoé says:

          Thanks for sharing, this is a fantastic article post on how to write a resume. Kudos to you!

        3. zortilo nrel says:

          The way you write about this topic is fun and made it easier for me to go through it all. I wanted to thank you for this wonderful and informative read…

        4. Maryam Moz says:

          Thank you for sharing such an informative and professional post on writing a professional resume. It is evident that you have put a lot of thought and effort into creating a resource that can be helpful for your readers.

        5. Olivia Smart says:

          I liked how you pointed out that it’s a good idea to tailor your resume to the position that you’re applying for. I’m looking to update my resume for some new positions I’m applying to. I’ll be sure to keep this in mind so I can give the recruiters the information that they’ll need.

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